Insurance Plan of Brighton: Key Plan
1 : 4800 This "key plan" indicates coverage of the Goad 1898 series of fire insurance maps of Brighton that were originally produced to aid insurance companies in assessing fire risks. The building footprints, their use (commercial, residential, educational, etc.), the number of floors and the height of the building, as well as construction materials (and thus risk of burning) and special fire hazards (chemicals, kilns, ovens) were documented in order to estimate premiums. Names of individual businesses, property lines, and addresses were also often recorded. Together these maps provide a rich historical shapshot of the commercial activity and urban landscape of towns and cities at the time.
The British Library holds a comprehensive collection of fire insurance plans produced by the London-based firm Charles E. Goad Ltd. dating back to 1885. These plans were made for most important towns and cities of the British Isles at the scales of 1:480 (1 inch to 40 feet), as well as many foreign towns at 1:600 (1 inch to 50 feet). Chas E Goad Limited Chas E Goad Limited
1 : 31680 .This plan of the South Downs coastline runs from Kingston by Sea at the bottom left to Telscombe at the bottom right., The,vulnerable south coast was heavily defended against invasion., Barracks are recorded at New Shoreham and Lewes, with a series of batteries at Brighthelmston., The draughtsman also documented Anglo-Saxon defensive mounds at Poor Man's Wall and the Devil's Dyke, even though the recording of archaeological details did not become obligatory until 1816. Budgen, Thomas
A Coloured Chart of the Course of the Rivers Thames and Medway, and of the Coasts of Kent and Sussex to Shoreham, with an Account of the Tides
This manuscript map of the south-east coast of England can be dated to around 1596. Although unsigned the handwriting suggests a possible attribution to [William] Borough who is known for his work as a harbour consultant .The map is concerned with the defence of the Thames and of London itself which was threatened by the Anglo-Spanish war. Raids on transatlantic shipping by English seamen such as Francis Drake and England’s support of the Protestant rebellion in the Spanish ruled Netherlands had induced the Catholic Philip II to plan an invasion of England. Although the Spanish armada was defeated by the English in 1588, England remained at war with Spain for many years and further attempts to invade were made by Philip of Spain. It is thought that this map was drawn between the dispersal of the "second Armada" in October 1596 and the assembly of the third Armada’ in the following spring. The draughtsman has borrowed topographical and hydrographic information from contemporary sources, maps by Symonson and Robert Norman. The careful attention given to the coast line around Rye and the differentiation between the original line of the cliffs and the deposits which created Romney Marsh is striking. [Borough, William]
CANTII, Southsexiae, Surriae et Middlesexiae comitat Sheet 11
This map of Kent and the neighbouring counties of Sussex, Middlesex and Surrey is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. In the bottom right corner a scale bar and a written description of the counties and of London. Although at a small scale London is shown in some detail in the map with St Paul’s Cathedral and London bridge clearly discernable. St Paul’s is correctly shown without its steeple which was destroyed by lightning in 1561 and was not replaced. Paddington Highgate and Camberwell are shown as outlying countryside, as yet un colonised by the metropolis. In neighbouring Berkshire Windsor is marked by a larger group of red structures than its neighbours, reflecting the royal association with Windsor and the presence of the castle, the park is also shown as a large wooded enclosure. Hampton Court is also marked. The name of the engraver Remigius Hogenberg, one of seven English and Flemish engravers employed to produced the copper plates for the atlas, is contained in the scale bar. Saxton, Christopher Ryther, Augustine