1 : 31680 The Ordnance Survey took particular care in plotting the south coast of England, as this was the area most immediately vulnerable to invasion. This plan notes military barracks at Selsea, Aldwick and Bognor to the bottom right of the plan. Buildings are blocked in red and black ink and infilled at Chichester, in the centre of the plan, and Arundel, at the right. A poor house and pest house are located a considerable distance beyond the boundaries of Chichester.
1 : 31680 Produced against the background of the Napoleonic Wars, these Ordnance Survey drawings exhibit a hightened interest in defence, particularly along the vulnerable south coast. Military barracks are recorded at Hastings, 'Bopeep' and Bexhill. A faded aquamarine wash defines the coastline from Pevensey Bay to Hastings, with red circles indicating observation stations used to plot the distinctive features of the land being surveyed. Inland, agricultural land (delineated by field boundaries) and woodland dominate the landscape.
1 : 31680 .This plan of the hilly Weald of Sussex runs from Maresfield and Rotherfield on the left of the map, past East Hoathly at the central bottom, to Wadhurst and Dallington on the right. The village of Frant, home of the Ordnance Survey draughtsman, Charles Budgen, appears at the top of the plan. .The location of wooded areas was of great importance in planning a military campaign. Woods could either hinder progress or provide cover for the movement of a regiment. Hence the painstaking detail with which woodland is drawn. Single trees, and those in small orchards or lining avenues, are drawn with a thin trunk and shadow. More densely forested areas are represented by treetops alone. Budgen, Thomas
Survey of the Sussex Coast, from Barnham Mille to Rye
This is part of a survey of the Sussex coast made by Sir Thomas Palmer Knight and Walter Coverte and records the section of the coast from Barnham Mille to Rye. Sir Thomas Palmer Knight and Walter Coverte were Deputy Lieutenants of Sussex and its coast line. This survey was made in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, in the year 1578 and is endorsed almost certainly by Nicholas Reynolds 1587. It contains five coloured maps of the coast and inland places of Sussex from Thorney and Selsey Bill to Winchelsea and Camber Castle. Details include compass roses and scale bars in colour. It includes a scale bar showing 'Englishe Myles': 6 miles = 190mm, equating to approximately 1:50688 miles. This survey by Palmer and Covert was commissioned in order to build up defences against the Spanish Armada. Since the accession of the Protestant Elizabeth I the Anglo-Spanish relaionship had deteriorated. Raids on transatlantic shipping by English seamen such as Francis Drake and England’s support of the Protestant rebellion in the Spanish ruled Netherlands inflamed matters further and the Catholic Philip II was induced to invade. The survey is drawn in ink and colour washes on vellum, and features descriptions of coastal locations. The concern with defence is apparent here as the draughtsman has included the beacon network of the area. Windmills in the area are also noted. Due to their height these could also be used as vantage points. Locations of battery's or arsenal stores are recorded by a group of three triangles. Camber Castle is also shown. This was one of the defences built to defend the coast after Francis I of France and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain signed a peace treaty in 1538, making an invasion of England by their combined forces probable. Information is recorded in a secretary hand with the title and place names in italic. Palmer, Sir Thomas, Coverte, Walter and Reynolds, Nicholas