Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr.
Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr. This map shows the breakdown of slave-ownership by each county with the darker colour indicating a higher percentage of slaves. The map includes a smaller depiction of where the majority of cotton and sugar production occurred. The map thus shows the extent of the slave system before the war. Von Steinwehr was German-born general in the Union Army who fought at many of the war’s prominent battles, including the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Gettysburg. Alongside fighting, he was a keen cartographer, as this map demonstrates.
Hanmer's Map of the American Cotton States
Hanmer's Map of the American Cotton States. Produced in 1902 for the Liverpool cotton brokers, Hanmer & Co., this map shows the extent of cotton production in America. The map covers virtually all of the Southern states as well as several of the Border State regions. The map is a good example of how prolific cotton production was in America, though it is worth noting that cotton harvesting was undertaken by slaves, thus the map highlights the areas where slavery was most prevalent. All eleven seceded states appear on this map, demonstrating just why the Confederates believed cotton and slavery to be the cornerstones of their independence and prowess.
La Florida. Auctore Hieron Chiaves.
When first issued in 1584 as a copper engraving by Ortelius in his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1584-1612, this was one of the few sixteenth century maps based on Spanish sources; in this case drawn from reports of Hernando de Soto's expedition through the region. There are three maps on this sheet. The most important map (La Florida) is the first printed map of the southeastern portion of the United States. This influential map provided the foundation cartography for the region, particularly in the depiction of the river system. The map below (Guastecan Reg) combines with La Florida to extend the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico further south. The third is a map of Peru, where De Soto was the first Spaniard to meet Inca Emperor Atahuallpa. In the north of the map of Peru is Aurea Regio, or Kingdom of Gold, a reference to the fabled El Dorado. Text on verso. Chaves, Geronimo, 1523-1574.;Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States. This map, produced in New York in 1863 shows all the Confederate states, including a sizable amount of Texas, as well as the Border States of the Union. It is noteworthy that by this point in the war, Virginia has split into to, with the western half seceding from the rest of the state. West Virginia was admitted to the Union in 1863 and the map clearly shows the separation. The map also contains a list of the major battles from 1861 and 1862 in the bottom right hand corner.