War Chart of the Southern States.
War Chart of the Southern States. Published in 1862 by B.B. Russell in Boston, War Chart of the Southern States details the cities, towns, rivers, railroads and marked roads in the Confederacy (with the exception of Texas). The portrait at the bottom right of the map is of the Battle of Hampton Roads, which took place over two days in March 1862 off the Virginian coastline. The naval battle was famous for the fight between the USS Monitor, seen in the foreground of the image, and the CSS Merrimac (sometimes referred to as the CSS Virginia due to the fact that it was built from composite parts of Confederate ships). As can be seen in the image, these ships were ‘ironclads’, built with iron and steel armoured plates. Originally a British naval design, the Civil War witnessed the first clash of these ships at the Battle of Hampton Roads, resulting in worldwide attention on this aspect of naval warfare in America. Arguably the battle between the Monitor and Merrimac was the most famous naval event of the conflict and there are numerous contemporary cultural references to the engagement in items produced during the war. The battle itself was inconclusive, although the Union suffered more casualties than their Confederate counterparts.
The Model War Map
The Model War Map, giving the Southern and Middle States, with all their Water and Railroad Connections. This map, published by Prang in 1862, shows the eastern coast condensed so that the focus is on the middle states of America from Iowa to Florida. The map shows railway routes, though it is noticeable how many stop before reaching the left hand side of the map, highlighting how railway building across the country was ongoing at the time of the Civil War. The tables on the right hand side of the map detail routes and distances from major cities and towns, 1860 population statistics, the slave population of slave-holding states and the number of men eligible to vote in each state.
Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr.
Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr. This map shows the breakdown of slave-ownership by each county with the darker colour indicating a higher percentage of slaves. The map includes a smaller depiction of where the majority of cotton and sugar production occurred. The map thus shows the extent of the slave system before the war. Von Steinwehr was German-born general in the Union Army who fought at many of the war’s prominent battles, including the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Gettysburg. Alongside fighting, he was a keen cartographer, as this map demonstrates.