Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States. This map, produced in New York in 1863 shows all the Confederate states, including a sizable amount of Texas, as well as the Border States of the Union. It is noteworthy that by this point in the war, Virginia has split into to, with the western half seceding from the rest of the state. West Virginia was admitted to the Union in 1863 and the map clearly shows the separation. The map also contains a list of the major battles from 1861 and 1862 in the bottom right hand corner.
Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr.
Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr. This map shows the breakdown of slave-ownership by each county with the darker colour indicating a higher percentage of slaves. The map includes a smaller depiction of where the majority of cotton and sugar production occurred. The map thus shows the extent of the slave system before the war. Von Steinwehr was German-born general in the Union Army who fought at many of the war’s prominent battles, including the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Gettysburg. Alongside fighting, he was a keen cartographer, as this map demonstrates.
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours, and Military Positions
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours, and Military Positions. This map, published by Wyld in 1865, shows much of the Confederacy and the Border States as they were at the end of the Civil War. The divide between Virginia and West Virginia is marked, along with ‘forts, harbours & military positions’. The dark black lines indicated railway routes and it is notable how many more there are in the small segment of the Northern states displayed at the top of the map in comparison to the Confederate states.
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours and Military Positions.
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours and Military Positions. Published by Wyld in 1862, Map of the Southern States of North America shows all the Confederate states, including the edge of Texas, and several of the Northern Border States too. Each state border is clearly defined. The map also labels ‘forts, harbours & military positions’, as well as marking the line between slave and free states, railways and canals.
The Model War Map
The Model War Map, giving the Southern and Middle States, with all their Water and Railroad Connections. This map, published by Prang in 1862, shows the eastern coast condensed so that the focus is on the middle states of America from Iowa to Florida. The map shows railway routes, though it is noticeable how many stop before reaching the left hand side of the map, highlighting how railway building across the country was ongoing at the time of the Civil War. The tables on the right hand side of the map detail routes and distances from major cities and towns, 1860 population statistics, the slave population of slave-holding states and the number of men eligible to vote in each state.
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America, September, 1862
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America, September, 1862. Produced by Davies & Co. in London, this map shows ten of the Confederate states, outlined in red, the Border States of Kentucky and Missouri, which remained within the Union, and lower portion of the Union states, outlined in green. The lower righter corner has an enlarged segment of the country detailing the sites of recent battles around lower Maryland, Washington, D.C. and Virginia. This includes Manassas Junction, where both battles of Bull Run had been fought prior to the map’s publication.
Davies & Co.