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This drawing covers part of Nottinghamshire, with the city of Newark-on-Trent, at top right, in the flat and fertile lowland of the Trent Valley. A canal connects the city to the Trent Navigation. The Fosse Way runs from bottom left to top right. This Roman road stretched from Exeter to Lincoln, via Bath, Cirencester, and Leicester. The pencil lines used to plot the survey are clearly visible on the map.
The English Channel 1542-44
This is a chart of the English Channel possibly dating from 1542-4. It shows the south coast of England and the facing French shore, from Calais to Brittany. It is drawn in ink over a pale blue wash and is characterized by delicate renderings of vegetation and wind heads. One of the wind heads differs from the others in that it is a death head, blowing from the south. The presence of the death head on the French side of the channel may be a comment on the negative Anglo-French relationship at this time as hostilities resumed once more in 1542. The cartographer is not confirmed but the hand is French and similar to writing on another map (BL. Royal MS 20.E.IX) which is attributed to Jean Rotz, a Frenchman in the service of Henry VIII, suggesting that this too is his work. The chart is drawn to approximately 1:637500 and a scale bar measuring 16cm representing 25 lienes is included along the right hand margin. It shows the English coast from St Margaret’s to the Scilly Isles, although these have been added later as they are drawn over the top of the blue wash. The detail of the east part of the English coast line is relatively accurate but the west is less so. The French coast is shown from Calais to Ouissant, off Brittany. Special attention is paid to the nature of the coasts as cliffs and sandy beaches are indicated. The interior detail consists of trees and hills which seem to correspond to the real location of rages of hills. Lines have been inserted at Pourboul and Valongnes, close to Bayeux. Adjacent to Valonges an italic hand has inserted view point’.
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This drawing depicts the county boundary of Lincolnshire and Leicestershire as a red dotted line at lower left. The Ermine Street (or High Dyke) is shown running down the right of the sheet. This Roman road extended from Cichester in Sussex to York, passing through Lincolnshire. At lower left, in the Vale of Belvoir, the villages of Plungar, Redmile, Bottesford and Muston are recorded along the Grantham Canal, along with the prominent Belvoir Castle.
UNIVERSI Derbiensis Comitatus Sheet 25
This map ofDerbyshire is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.