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This part of Warwickshire is dominated by enclosed land, characterised by regular hedgerows and fish ponds for watering stock. A section of the Oxford Canal, between Napton and Croperdy, is depicted in blue along the right side of the sheet. Completed in 1790, the canal was used to ferry coal from the north to Oxford. At top left, forming the boundary of the surveyed area, is the Fosse Way. This Roman road ran from Exeter to Lincoln via Bath, Cirencester and Leicester (where it intersected the Watling Street from London). At lower right, the county border between Warwickshire and Northamptonshire is indicated by a red dotted line.
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This,plan of,part of South Warwickshire shows the broad valley of the River Avon,to the,left of the sheet with the county town,shown at middle left along the riverbank. Major roads are highlighted in buff and feature tollgates and turnpikes along their routes. Turnpike Trusts were,established between the 17th and 19th centuries to raise money from travellers for the upkeep and maintenance of roads.
VIGORNIENSIS Comitatus Sheet 21
This map of Worcestershire is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.
Map of Northhamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntigdonshire and Rutland
This is a manuscript map of Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and Rutland, a page from an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters.It is in a hand pre dating 1570 and may be the work of John Rudd. Rudd was the man to whom Christopher Saxton was an apprentice to in 1570. John Rudd was Vicar of Dewsbury from 1554 to 1570. Rudd had a keen interest in cartography and had been engaged in the 1550’s in making a platt’ of England. In 1561 Rudd was granted leave to travel further to map the country and it is likely that Saxton accompanied him, acquiring his skills for surveying.