Insurance Plan of London East District Vol. G: Key Plan
1 : 3600 This "key plan" indicates coverage of the Goad 1900 series of fire insurance maps of London that were originally produced to aid insurance companies in assessing fire risks. The building footprints, their use (commercial, residential, educational, etc.), the number of floors and the height of the building, as well as construction materials (and thus risk of burning) and special fire hazards (chemicals, kilns, ovens) were documented in order to estimate premiums. Names of individual businesses, property lines, and addresses were also often recorded. Together these maps provide a rich historical shapshot of the commercial activity and urban landscape of towns and cities at the time.
The British Library holds a comprehensive collection of fire insurance plans produced by the London-based firm Charles E. Goad Ltd. dating back to 1885. These plans were made for most important towns and cities of the British Isles at the scales of 1:480 (1 inch to 40 feet), as well as many foreign towns at 1:600 (1 inch to 50 feet). Chas E Goad Limited Chas E Goad Limited
Stratford - Le - Bow
1 : 21120 This plan of north east London extends from the Isle of Dogs and Wapping at the bottom, to 'Layton Stone' and Epping Forest at the top. Field boundaries infilled with stripes depict tilled land. Major settlements are drawn in red ink. North of Stoke Newington, to the top left, a road is plotted as a series of fixed points pricked off with dividers and joined by ruled pencil lines. These protractions were made directly from the Ordnance Survey field books. Pencil rays intersect across the map, evidence of measurements taken by the surveyor between fixed triangulation points. Poplar Gut is outlined in red at the Isle of Dogs, the beginnings of the development of the West India Docks.
1 : 21120 This plan of the north side of the Thames shows Barking and Ilford to the left, on the banks of the Roding, and Rainhham and Hornchurch to the right. A patchwork of field boundaries dominate the landscape, with open dotting depicting unproductive enclosed land. Pencil lines intersect across the plan, recording the angular measurements taken by the surveyor to calculate the distances between fixed points in the landscape.
KAART van LONDEN enz en van het NABY GELEGEN LAND ruim een Uur gaans. rondsom dezelve Stad; getrokken uit de groote gemeeten Kaart van de Hr. JOHN ROCQUE, Te AMSTERDAM by ISAAK TIRION 1754
In the second half of the18th century, the introduction of turnpike roads and the increased coach-traffic in and out of London contributed to the popularity of the maps of the countryside around the capital. This map of the area ten miles round the City of London was published in Amsterdam by Isaak Tirion. Based on John Rocque's survey of 1744, the map’s title, imprint and key appears in a table at top left. The scale bars are in a panel below the plan. Built-up areas are stippled in the City and hatched elsewhere. Tirion, Isaak
LONDON AND ITS ENVIRONS 241
This is a later edition of the map of London and the suburbs first issued by Davies in 1840. The map features title in top border, scale bar at bottom centre and key to symbols below the map. A note below the map states that the map contains "the boundaries of the Metropolitan Boroughs, the different railroads and stations, the new cemeteries and roads, docks, canals and all the modern improvements. The map is chiefly drawn from the Ordnance Survey, the railroads and the other improvements from the official copies and the Borough of Marylebone from the survey published by Mr Britton. The whole corrected from personal observations and measurements." Davies, Benjamin Rees