1 : 31680 This drawing covers part of the Cambridgeshire fenland, an area characterised by straight, water-filled dykes dividing arable land. The New Bedford River is shown running down the middle of the sheet, almost parallel to the original Old Bedford River, taking the waters of the Great Ouse to Denver Sluice, at top right of the plan. In the 17th century, the Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden was appointed by James I to direct the drainage of the wetlands. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens took on a very different appearance, changing from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, Thomas Jr.Draughtsman
1 : 31680 Two types of landscapes characterise this part of Cambridgeshire. South of the City of Cambridge itself, a broad band of low, rolling chalk hills is intersected by river valleys. By contrast, the landscape at top right is fenland where arable expanses are divided by straight, water-filled dykes. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 .This plan is dominated by fenland crossed by,drains, which are,indicated by single blue lines., The drainage system was installed in the 17th century,by Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden., The first years of the scheme were dogged,by riots and civil disobedience, much of the population viewing the scheme,as an encroachment upon the commonland,where they,grazed cattle. .The Crown and Woolpack, at the top left, is one of many inns along the toll road to Peterborough, which,forms the western boundary of this map., Outside the county town of Huntingdon is Hitchinbrooke House, dating back to AD600. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 .Even before horse racing became one of Newmarket's attractions under James I, Chevely Park at the top of this plan was famous for horse breeding., When this map was drawn, the Duke of Rutland had just taken possession of the park where he continued the equestrain tradition begun by kings Athelstan and Canute., Other notable landmarks include: Denham Hall towards the top right, with the layout of the gardens shown in detail; the site of,the eponymous,temple near Temple Wood towards the bottom; and the ruins of a chapel at Brinkley, to the left of centre. Metcalf, Edward B.
1 : 31680 .Caxton was a parish along the Ermine Street, the Roman road from Chichester in West Sussex to York via Lincoln. The road forms the western boundary of the plan and is highlighted in buff. To the right of this boundary is the market and parish town of St. Neots, situated on the east bank of the navigable River Ouse. Here, a stone bridge, built in 1588 from the ruins of an old abbey, connects Huntingdonshire with Bedfordshire. Along the River Ouse, about a mile north of St Neots and partly in the parish of Little Paxton, are the premises of the St. Neots Paper Mill Company. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 This drawing covers the Bedford Level and part of the East Anglian fens, with the town of Wisbech shown at top left. Drains across fens and marshland are highlighted in blue. These date from the 17th century, when James I appointed the Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden to direct drainage of the wetlands. Many local people opposed the scheme because the land involved was commonland on which they grazed cattle. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens became a very different landscape, transformed from one of flooded marshes to extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, Thomas Jr.
1 : 31680 This drawing covers the fens of Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire with the county borders indicated by a red dotted line. Characteristic fenland features such as dykes, canals and ancient cattle droves are clearly depicted on the plan. In the 17th century, the Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden was appointed by James I to direct the drainage of the wetlands. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens took on a very different appearance, changing from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, T.
Bury St Edmunds
The landscape here still reflected its medieval character in the early nineteeth century, as is seen through the dominance of named common fields, heaths and warrens. Eldon Field, Downham Warren, and Cutford Heath are just a few of the large labelled tracts of land appearing on this map. Stanley, William.