Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr.
Map, showing the Distribution of Slaves in the Southern States. Projected and compiled by A. von Steinwehr. This map shows the breakdown of slave-ownership by each county with the darker colour indicating a higher percentage of slaves. The map includes a smaller depiction of where the majority of cotton and sugar production occurred. The map thus shows the extent of the slave system before the war. Von Steinwehr was German-born general in the Union Army who fought at many of the war’s prominent battles, including the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Gettysburg. Alongside fighting, he was a keen cartographer, as this map demonstrates.
Hanmer's Map of the American Cotton States
Hanmer's Map of the American Cotton States. Produced in 1902 for the Liverpool cotton brokers, Hanmer & Co., this map shows the extent of cotton production in America. The map covers virtually all of the Southern states as well as several of the Border State regions. The map is a good example of how prolific cotton production was in America, though it is worth noting that cotton harvesting was undertaken by slaves, thus the map highlights the areas where slavery was most prevalent. All eleven seceded states appear on this map, demonstrating just why the Confederates believed cotton and slavery to be the cornerstones of their independence and prowess.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States. This map, produced in New York in 1863 shows all the Confederate states, including a sizable amount of Texas, as well as the Border States of the Union. It is noteworthy that by this point in the war, Virginia has split into to, with the western half seceding from the rest of the state. West Virginia was admitted to the Union in 1863 and the map clearly shows the separation. The map also contains a list of the major battles from 1861 and 1862 in the bottom right hand corner.