Copy of a Survey of the Island of Jersey, taken by order of his Grace the Duke of Richmond, Master-General of the Ordnance
1 : 10560 This drawing is formally titled at the bottom left and features scale bars at bottom centre and a compass star at top right. Thin and delicate brushwork ('hachuring') indicates relief, while symbols and different colours of wash indicate types of land use. Note the prominent positions of Mont Orgueil Castle above Granville Bay, at middle right, and Elizabeth Castle in the Bay of St. Hellier, at bottom centre. These give strategic indications as to how Jersey has defended its coastline through the ages. Thompson and Longmore
Sevenoaks (Kent) reverse
1 : 21120 Drawing on the reverse side of OSD 100,pt.1 (folio V, serial no. 353). Only the skeleton of a drawing is presented here. Pencil lines radiate from fixed points, representing angular measurements taken from trigonometrical stations.,Churches were often chosen for such stations, due to the clear views afforded by their tall towers or spires. On this map, an outlined red cross indicates a church, 'St Clements', with a windmill nearby.
Jersey, the Haven
This is a map of Jersey entitled 'The Haven' on the reverse. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. During the reign of Elizabeth Jersey was under scrutiny. After persistent rumours of a French attempt on Jersey, a survey of the island was ordered. In 1562 Richard Popinjay, the Portsmouth surveyor and military engineer, waspart of a commission led by Richard Worsley, the captain of the Isle of Wight, dispatched to study the fortifications of Jersey. [Popinjay, Richard]
This is a plan of Guernsey Castle, drawn shortly after 1593. It is a pictorial fortification plan with proposals for improvements. It is possible that Paul Ivey, the leading fortification consultant of the second half of Elizabeth I’s reign, was the draughtsman of this plan as he was studying the defences of the Channel Islands in 1593. The plan is marked with alphabetical references indicating work done previously, the location of suggested earthworks and of a proposed bulwark. At some point the plan has been trimmed resulting in the partial loss of the compass rose. Ivey, Paul