This is a map of the British Isles by Jodocus Hondius, it dates from 1590 and was probably published in London where Hondius was resident for about 10 years from 1583. The map is dedicated to Robert, Earl of Essex in a small panel below Ireland. The outline of the England and Wales follows that of Saxton, with Ireland being a crude version of Ortelius's outline. Only a small section of Scotland is shown. Emphasis is placed on the decorative elements of the map. Surmounting the oval shaped map is a portrait of Queen Elizabeth I. She is flanked by text plaques on each side which contain biblical text praising the Queen and text hailing the prosperity of the realm. Contemporary costumed figures of an English nobleman and a citizen of London and their respective wives are displayed in opposite corners. Also included in the decorative scheme are symbolic compositions representing War (swords, spear, arrows) Art (musical instruments including a lute, viola, bagpipes) Industry (a chest and a sack of coins) and Husbandry (two sheep, a grain field and a bale of cloth) The map can be seen as a fore-runner of Hondius' large scale map of 1592 which shows an improved knowledge of the outline and interior of Ireland.
BRITANNICARUM INSULARUM VETUS DESCRIPTIO - Map of Ireland, England and Wales
This map of the British Isles is the work of Abraham Ortelius. It dates from 1590 and was published in Antwerp. It appears in the fourth Additamentum to Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Ortelius published these 'additions' to supplement editions of his atlas. The fourth Additamentum contained, in addition to new, more modern maps, a section devoted to classical history known as the Parergon. It is in this section that this map resides. Here the northern and southern parts of the British Isles are shown with British tribes, Roman town names and other information according to classical traditions. Key features such as Hadrian's Wall and the forts along its length, such as Segodunum and Longovicum, can be clearly seen. For this new map Ortelius based the outline of England and Wales on that of Christopher Saxton, which portrayed the proportions of the land mass more accurately than before, although Ireland and Scotland remain the same as the existing maps in the atlas. It is likely that the engraving was by Jan Wierix.