The Field of Battle.
The Field of Battle and Prominent US Generals. The Field of Battle and Prominent Union Generals is one of the most picturesque maps in the collection, detailing the main theatres of conflict in the Confederacy, with each state broken up by counties, and surrounded by virtually all of the main Union Army generals that would have been well known to viewers in 1864 when this map was published in New York by Ensign & Bridgman. The generals are mostly all arranged close to the areas where they were conducting operations at the time of the map’s production, for example Generals Grant and Sherman are close to Georgia and South Carolina. Union Navy generals are also pictured, such as General David Farragut who can be seen close to the Georgia coastline. Ensign & Bridgman
War Chart of the Southern States.
War Chart of the Southern States. Published in 1862 by B.B. Russell in Boston, War Chart of the Southern States details the cities, towns, rivers, railroads and marked roads in the Confederacy (with the exception of Texas). The portrait at the bottom right of the map is of the Battle of Hampton Roads, which took place over two days in March 1862 off the Virginian coastline. The naval battle was famous for the fight between the USS Monitor, seen in the foreground of the image, and the CSS Merrimac (sometimes referred to as the CSS Virginia due to the fact that it was built from composite parts of Confederate ships). As can be seen in the image, these ships were ‘ironclads’, built with iron and steel armoured plates. Originally a British naval design, the Civil War witnessed the first clash of these ships at the Battle of Hampton Roads, resulting in worldwide attention on this aspect of naval warfare in America. Arguably the battle between the Monitor and Merrimac was the most famous naval event of the conflict and there are numerous contemporary cultural references to the engagement in items produced during the war. The battle itself was inconclusive, although the Union suffered more casualties than their Confederate counterparts. B.B. Russell
Balloon View of the Southern States
Balloon View of the Southern States, showing in the foreground the whole territory between Baltimore and St. Louis, and extending towards the horizon to Keywest and New Orleans. This map shows the country between Baltimore, Maryland, and St. Louis, Missouri, with the eastern side of America presented on the left hand side of the map. At the top, in the horizon, the map stretches to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and New Orleans, Louisiana. An interesting presentation of the country, this map was produced by Louis Prang in 1861 in Boston. Prang published many maps during the American Civil War. According to the description at the bottom of the map, this item was ‘a superior & truthful guide in the present war operations’. L. Prang & Co.
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America. (Enlarged Plan of the Site of the most recent battles). This map, published by Davies & Co. in London, shows the state of America as things stood in July 1863. The Confederate borders are marked in red, the Union borders in green and the Border States in yellow. The separation between Virginia and West Virginia is also depicted. The smaller map in the right hand corner details where the most recent fighting had been, highlighting how volatile the region around the capitals of Washington, D.C., and Richmond were, with this area being the focus of attention in many of the maps produced. It is also possible to see the southern part of Pennsylvania in this map, marking the high–point of General Lee’s troops, who were pushed back out of Union territory after the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Davies & Co.
The Model War Map
The Model War Map, giving the Southern and Middle States, with all their Water and Railroad Connections. This map, published by Prang in 1862, shows the eastern coast condensed so that the focus is on the middle states of America from Iowa to Florida. The map shows railway routes, though it is noticeable how many stop before reaching the left hand side of the map, highlighting how railway building across the country was ongoing at the time of the Civil War. The tables on the right hand side of the map detail routes and distances from major cities and towns, 1860 population statistics, the slave population of slave-holding states and the number of men eligible to vote in each state.
Lloyd's Map of the Southern States
Lloyd's Map of the Southern States showing all the Railroads, their Stations and Distances, also the Counties, Towns, Villages, Harbors, Rivers & Forts. This map was published by J.T. Lloyd in New York in 1861. It details ‘all the railroads, their stations & distances’, as well as the ‘counties, towns, villages, harbors, rivers and forts’ based on the ‘latest Government and other reliable sources’. The map details states beneath the Mason-Dixon line which theoretically separated the northern and southern states. As well as showing the states that made up the eastern side of the Confederacy, the map also shows the Union states of Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware, which, along with Missouri, made up the Border States. Maintaining these states within the Union was a crucial war aim for Lincoln. J.T. Lloyd