Map of Northhamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntigdonshire and Rutland
This is a manuscript map of Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and Rutland, a page from an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters.It is in a hand pre dating 1570 and may be the work of John Rudd. Rudd was the man to whom Christopher Saxton was an apprentice to in 1570. John Rudd was Vicar of Dewsbury from 1554 to 1570. Rudd had a keen interest in cartography and had been engaged in the 1550’s in making a platt’ of England. In 1561 Rudd was granted leave to travel further to map the country and it is likely that Saxton accompanied him, acquiring his skills for surveying. Rudd, John
1 : 31680 This drawing covers the fens of Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire with the county borders indicated by a red dotted line. Characteristic fenland features such as dykes, canals and ancient cattle droves are clearly depicted on the plan. In the 17th century, the Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden was appointed by James I to direct the drainage of the wetlands. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens took on a very different appearance, changing from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, T.
1 : 31680 This drawing covers part of the valley of the River Nene as it meanders through farmland and the cottage industries of Wellingborough and Irthlingborough. Mills are depicted throughout the area, especially along the course of the Nene. With coal absent from the area, natural resources, predominantly wind and water, were used for industrial processing. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 This drawing covers part of the Nene Valley as the river meanders through farmland and the industries of Northamptonshire. Mills are depicted throughout the area, especially along the river's course. The staples of Northamptonshire's industry at the beginning of the 19th century were wool, lace, silk and shoemaking. With no indigenous coal supply, local industrialists relied principally upon natural resources for industrial processing, particularly wind and water. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 Light brushwork interlining ('hachuring')is used to represent the gently undulating clay vales and ridges that make up much of the area covered by this drawing. Enclosed farmland dominates the landscape. There are only small areas of woodland, indicated by dark green washes. Leicester is shown at middle left along the Fosse Way, the Roman road from Exeter to Lincoln, via Bath, Cirencester, and Leicester. Stevens, Henry
1 : 31680 This plan covers part of East Warwickshire showing the Warwick and Oxford Canals at the top the sheet. Nearby is the intersection of two Roman roads: the Fosse Way and Watling Street. Coombe Abbey, depicted in the lower part of the sheet, had been one of the the most powerful and wealthy monasteries in Warwickshire. Following Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries, Sir John Harrington bought the abbey and built a new house on the property, incorporating much of the stonework from the disbanded monastery. The Craven family, who owned the property for the 300 years after Harrington's death, constructed the formal gardens, moat and lake depicted on the plan. Stevens, Henry
1 : 31680 This finished drawing covers parts of Northamptonshire and Leicestershire, with Rockingham Forest to the north represented by stippled treetops. Situated between the Welland and Nene valleys, and the towns of Stamford and Kettering, the forest's varied landscape includes farmland, open pasture, villages and pockets of woodland. Boughton Hall is depicted in the middle of the sheet. Formerly a monastery, it was transformed into one of the great houses of Europe in the 17th century. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 This drawing covers the Bedford Level and part of the East Anglian fens, with the town of Wisbech shown at top left. Drains across fens and marshland are highlighted in blue. These date from the 17th century, when James I appointed the Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden to direct drainage of the wetlands. Many local people opposed the scheme because the land involved was commonland on which they grazed cattle. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens became a very different landscape, transformed from one of flooded marshes to extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, Thomas Jr.
1 : 31680 This drawing covers part of the Cambridgeshire fenland, an area characterised by straight, water-filled dykes dividing arable land. The New Bedford River is shown running down the middle of the sheet, almost parallel to the original Old Bedford River, taking the waters of the Great Ouse to Denver Sluice, at top right of the plan. In the 17th century, the Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden was appointed by James I to direct the drainage of the wetlands. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens took on a very different appearance, changing from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, Thomas Jr.Draughtsman