South Molton, Devon
This relief on this drawing,is indicated by dense interlining ('hachures'), with,the summits of hills left blank. The drawing has been made on three pieces of paper mounted as one sheet., Dirty, worn and creased, the manuscript is difficult to decipher. ,A pencil note at the base of the drawing reads "To survey from * to * as ...by...the Farms as named."
The indication of land relief and attention to communication routes on this plan conform to the military and cartographic standards employed by the West Country survey. The south of England was the area most vulnerable to invasion, especially during the Napoleonic conflicts between 1793 and 1815. Accurate mapping of the Devonshire coastline was, therefore, of great military significance. Towards the left of the plan, the sand dunes of Braunton Burrows stretch southwards from the sea at Barnstaple Bay towards Appledore and Bideford.
Pencil annotations on the bottom right of the map give the surveyors name and the drawing's date and scale. A red dashed line denotes the border of Devon and Cornwall, running partly along the course of the River Tamer. Pencil rays intersect across the plan, evidence of triangulation measurements taken by the surveyor. Although it did not become obligatory to include archaeological details until 1816, prehistoric defensive earthworks are noted at Warbstow Barrow . A windmill is shown in elevation at Holsworthy. Budgen, Charles
Camelford, Cornwall (002OSD000000001U00009000)
Royal Military Draughtsmen and Surveyors were listed as first-class or second-class by the Tower of London Drawing Room according to the quality of their work. Robert Dawson, the draughtsman of this map, was an influential teacher at the Tower and rated first-class, while Henry Stevens, the surveyor, was rated only second-class.The orientation of this map does not have north at the top. Hence, the coastal boundary from Widemouth Bay south to Tintagel Castle runs from left to right along the bottom of the drawing. A faded blue-green wash indicates water. Brown Willy, the highest point in Cornwall, is shown on the northern edge of Bodmin Moor to the top right of the inland boundary. A turnpike road, coloured ochre yellow, runs from Launceston to Camelford. One side of the road is thickened and miles appear alongside in figures. The close attention given to communication routes highlights the military intent of these studies. At the same time, archaeological features and antiquities are also noted, reflecting the particular interests of individual surveyors or draughtsmen. In this instance, manganese mines are marked. Stevens, Henry
.Wear and tear aorund the edges of this drawing have given it an irregular shape. The scale of the plan and date of execution are recorded in pencil in the bottom right corner. Major lines of communication, such as that between Credition and Newton St Cyres, are marked at intervals of one mile and tinted yellow, conforming to military cartographic convention. A blue cross at the edge of the map, near Hatherleigh, marks a reference point that may have been used for observation.
Topography and areas of natural shelter were both of great importance in planning,any military campaign., To this end, inclines and woodland are clearly indicated on this drawing., The main communication routes are highlighted in yellow., Some roads have been pin-marked along their lengths, proof that the draughtsman used measuring dividers to plot the exact course of the roads., The dates of draughting and the scale of the drawing have been recorded in pencil on the bottom right of the sheet. Hewitt, John
North Molton, Devon
Much of this drawing,is dominated by,the open land of the downs.,Relief is indicated by shading and brushwork interlining ('hachures') but there is no numerical,record of trigonometrical altitudes. Paths on the moor are distinguished from roads by their pecked lines; roads,through villages are indicated by parallel lines. Hewitt, John