SUFFOLCIAE Comitatus Sheet 16
This map of Suffolk is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.
Bury St Edmunds
The landscape here still reflected its medieval character in the early nineteeth century, as is seen through the dominance of named common fields, heaths and warrens. Eldon Field, Downham Warren, and Cutford Heath are just a few of the large labelled tracts of land appearing on this map.
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This is an original protraction of the Suffolk coastline, running inland,from Orford Ness,,on the right,,to Hasketon and Wickham., The various traverses (single lines surveyed from different points),are distinguished by colour: red, blue, yellow, light brown and dark brown. ,These skeleton protraction lines,form the first plottings from the field book of the area., At the bottom right, the plan is annotated in blue with the date of the traverse and the,corresponding page numbers in the field book.
Metcalf, Edward B