A Plan of Tinmouth Town and Castle and Clifford Fort, scituate at the Entrance of the River Tine
View of Tynemouth Castle, town and Clifford Fort with a separate small plan of Clifford Fort and section of the same fort. Tynemouth castle is situated on the cliff overlooking the River Tyne. The stone Barbican was built in the 14th century but there has been a castle on this site since the 11th century as there are records dating from 1095 detailing William Rufus’ successful capture of Earl Robert’s castle. Inside the Castle complex is Tynemouth Priory- this was once the richest priory in England and it has an impressive 22 meter high presbytery. By the 17th century the castle was a ruin and defence of the river was taken over by Clifford Fort at North Shield, which was built in 1672. The fort was built to protect the entrance to the River Tyne during the 3rd Dutch War. It was designed by a Swedish military engineer, Martin Beckman, and built by a Yorkshire architect, Robert Trollope.