Estates at Windsor, Berkshire
This is a manuscript map of the area surrounding Windsor in Berkshire. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. Burghley was in charge of administration for the Royal Estate of Windsor. The Royal Estates were notoriously slackly administered, a flaw that no official involved was keen to remedy as there were considerable personal advantages to be gained from inadequacies in the system. The map is drawn to scale with a scale bar of 5.5 - 6 miles. The many parks are shown by enclosure symbols, an important feature of any landscape for military purposes as it was in parks that troops could rest and horses graze. Communication routes such as roads and pathways are indicated by double or single broken lines and the rivers and the points at which they are bridged are also shown. The waterways were a vital communication route at the time, especially in this area where the Thames provides direct access to the centre of London.
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This field sketch describes the chalk hills of the Chilterns, including a section of the Grand Junction and the Aylesbury Canals. Some field boundaries on this drawing have been revised and corrected in red ink which suggests they,should be read as accurate delineations plotted from surveyed measurements.,A reservoir,located just above Wendover was also inserted at a later date. ,
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The chalk range of the Chiltern Hills reaches its highest point at Combe Hill, near Wendover, at the bottom left of this plan. Roughly drawn interlining ('hachuring') in black depicts relief with a recto inscription in pencil noting that "the irregular pencil lines are drawn too strong". The draughtsman has described earthworks, barrows, minor tributaries and a navigable feeder of the Grand Union Canal and a section of the prehistoric Icknield Way running from above Tring to "Pittlesthorn". Corrections in red ink are clearly visible, possibly dating from the 1831 revision of the plan.
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This plan of the Chiltern Hills runs from Beaconsfield and Harefield at the top to Windsor Park, Egham and Staines at the bottom. A section of the Grand Junction Canal, running from Harefield down to West Drayton, is shown in aquamarine. The paper carries the watermark "E ,amp; P", standing for Edmeads and Pine.
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This drawing covers part of the Thames Valley in the counties of Buckinghamshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire. The plan is oriented to the east, with a compass depicted at middle right. Symbols distinguish woodland, heathland, arable enclosed land and formal parkland. Brushstroke interlining indicates relief and hills. The River Thames is depicted in the lower part of the sheet, meandering through Oxfordshire between Oxford and Wallingford.