A New and Correct Mapp of Middlesex, Essex and Hertfordshire
Bland, Joseph, Parker, Samuel, Smyth, Payler and Warburton, John
Although it was not obligatory to record archaeological sites until 1816, many draughtsmen displayed their interest in history by indicating them prior to this date. At Pleshey, to the centre-bottom of the plan, a dark circular form represents the prehistoric earthworks used by the Romans, Saxons and Normans as a defensive position. At Barrington Hall to the left of centre, near the top, the details of ornamental gardens and avenues of trees are shown, an indication of the meticulous nature of the Survey.
1 : 31680 Two types of landscapes characterise this part of Cambridgeshire. South of the City of Cambridge itself, a broad band of low, rolling chalk hills is intersected by river valleys. By contrast, the landscape at top right is fenland where arable expanses are divided by straight, water-filled dykes. Hyett, William
1 : 31680 .Much consideration is given in this map to the detailed representation of trees., Woodland could provide either hindrance or cover for a regiment on the move., Trees are drawn with small vertical stems and a shadow at the base., Planted avenues are depicted in this fashion at Ware Park, above Hartford, and Eastwich Hall, at the bottom of the map., A pattern of open dotting depicts the untilled agricultural land dominating the valleys of the Rivers Rib and Ash.
1 : 31680 .Even before horse racing became one of Newmarket's attractions under James I, Chevely Park at the top of this plan was famous for horse breeding., When this map was drawn, the Duke of Rutland had just taken possession of the park where he continued the equestrain tradition begun by kings Athelstan and Canute., Other notable landmarks include: Denham Hall towards the top right, with the layout of the gardens shown in detail; the site of,the eponymous,temple near Temple Wood towards the bottom; and the ruins of a chapel at Brinkley, to the left of centre. Metcalf, Edward B.
Pencil lines radiating from trigonometrical stations cover this drawing. They show the angles used for measuring distances and plotting topographical features. To the left of the map on Chestnut Common, the word 'flag' denotes the site of such a station. Hoddesden Park Wood and surrounding woodland are shown by individual trees with a line at the base, indicating shadow. This laborious technique was often replaced by a more generalised, stippled representation of treetops. The Lee River, running from Standstead at the top of this drawing, branches to form a canal leading down to the Powder Mills, which manufactured Gun Powder for shipping to London. Locks on the canal are shown in red