Smith's New Accurate Map of the Lakes, 1800
The popularity of the Lake District as a destination for tourists created a market for maps of the region that were not only accurate but also gave an impression of the scenery. In this map we can follow the course of the River Duddon from the Furness Fells down through Dunnerdale and beneath the shadow of Black Combe to the sea. Black Combe features in two of Wordsworth’s poems. One was written to celebrate the work of the Ordnance Survey, which was producing comprehensive and detailed maps of the country. During 1807 and 1808, Captain William Mudge and his team of surveyors hauled their heavy equipment to the windswept peak of Black Combe. Wordsworth visited the summit where the "geographic labourer pitched his tent" and looked out over the landscape Mudge had surveyed, declaring it a "display august of man’s inheritance, of Britain’s calm felicity and power!"
Map of Lancashire
This is a manuscript map of north Lancashire. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. This period saw a threat to England from Spain, culminating in 1588 with the Spanish Armada. The map shows the area around the Kent sands. These are exaggerated in size to emphasise the areas where an enemy landing was likely and the tributaries of the estuary of the River Wyre are clearly delineated. What is significant about this map is that it has traditionally been said to mark the residences of the Catholic families in the area, each with a black cross. The fear expressed eloquently here is that the Spanish, under the Catholic Philip II, would forge alliances with these families in an effort to depose the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I. Another significant feature of the map is that the local beacon network is illustrated, if a little selectively. This network would be vital in an invasion scenario as it allowed the royal court and the surrounding area to be alerted. Rivers, which are also prominent, were the motorways of sixteenth century England. The red lines indicate the administrative districts or hundreds into which Lancashire was divided: these were important when mustering troops which could camp in the parks, indicated as circular fenced enclosures. All in all the map represents a means for dealing with almost anything that Philip II could throw at Elizabeth while, through the families which are not marked by a cross, ensuring that the administration of Lancashire remained in safe, loyal (i.e., Anglican) hands. William Cecil, Lord Burghley