1 : 31680 The Roman road, south to Hereford and beyond, runs across the Arrow Valley and Shobdon Marshes from top to bottom of this plan., At lower right, the River Arrow joins the River Lugg south of Leominster., The surrounding countryside appears intensively farmed., Throughout this region of Herefordshire,,based on rich red clay, farmland,dominates,in a,landscape of,well-hedged fields scattered,with small woods and threaded by,streams and brooks. Budgen, Thomas
1 : 31680 The Wye Valley runs from the top to the bottom of the sheet.Forming a natural border, the valley became a regular battleground throughout the Roman, Saxon Norman eras,and during the Marcher Wars in the reign of James I. To the left of the sheet are the peaks of Mynydd Eppynt. To the right, the border of England and Wales is marked by the ancient earth bank, Offa's Dyke. The castle town of Builth is depicted at the top of the sheet. Built at the end of the 12th century, the castle witnessed repeated conflicts, and frequently changed hands between the Welsh and English. After Edward I's campaign against the Welsh in 1277, the castle was refortified and transformed into a formidable fortress. Budgen, Thomas
Map of Shropshire f. 75*
This is a manuscript map of Shropshire. It forms part of an atlat which belonged to Lord Burghley, Secretary of State to Elizabeth I, who used it to illustrate domestic matters. It shows only the principal towns, distinguishing between those with a castle and those without by means of a symbol of two connected towers with crenellations. The River Severn, marked Sabrina F, is charted. Lord Burghley has added a name adjacent to a place where the river is bridged. Lord Burghley was concerned with communication routes as revealed by his annotation. The draughtsman has indicated relief by hill symbols in two places. The map features a scale bar, but this is partly obscured by damage to the map.