1 : 31680 This plan of part of Powis,depicts the uplands of the Radnor Forest, to the right of the sheet. A mix of dispersed farmland and commonland,along the valley of the Ithon River dominates the landscape of this,central part of,Wales. Budgen, Thomas
1 : 31680 The Roman road, south to Hereford and beyond, runs across the Arrow Valley and Shobdon Marshes from top to bottom of this plan., At lower right, the River Arrow joins the River Lugg south of Leominster., The surrounding countryside appears intensively farmed., Throughout this region of Herefordshire,,based on rich red clay, farmland,dominates,in a,landscape of,well-hedged fields scattered,with small woods and threaded by,streams and brooks. Budgen, Thomas
1 : 31680 The Wye Valley runs from the top to the bottom of the sheet.Forming a natural border, the valley became a regular battleground throughout the Roman, Saxon Norman eras,and during the Marcher Wars in the reign of James I. To the left of the sheet are the peaks of Mynydd Eppynt. To the right, the border of England and Wales is marked by the ancient earth bank, Offa's Dyke. The castle town of Builth is depicted at the top of the sheet. Built at the end of the 12th century, the castle witnessed repeated conflicts, and frequently changed hands between the Welsh and English. After Edward I's campaign against the Welsh in 1277, the castle was refortified and transformed into a formidable fortress. Budgen, Thomas
Map of Shropshire f. 75*
This is a manuscript map of Shropshire. It forms part of an atlat which belonged to Lord Burghley, Secretary of State to Elizabeth I, who used it to illustrate domestic matters. It shows only the principal towns, distinguishing between those with a castle and those without by means of a symbol of two connected towers with crenellations. The River Severn, marked Sabrina F, is charted. Lord Burghley has added a name adjacent to a place where the river is bridged. Lord Burghley was concerned with communication routes as revealed by his annotation. The draughtsman has indicated relief by hill symbols in two places. The map features a scale bar, but this is partly obscured by damage to the map.
HEREFORDIAE COMITATUS f.95
This is a map of Herefordshire by Christopher Saxton dating from 1577. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. This map is actually a proof copy of one which forms part of Christopher Saxton’s Atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I, map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing use of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford, Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. Burghley has annotated this map, underlining the information printed at Kinnaston chap Wch Was dreven downe by the removing of the ground. The map was engraved by Remigius Hogenbergius, one of a team of seven English and Flemish engravers employed to produce the copper plates for the atlas. Saxton, Christopher Hogenbergius, Remigius