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This,plan of,part of South Warwickshire shows the broad valley of the River Avon,to the,left of the sheet with the county town,shown at middle left along the riverbank. Major roads are highlighted in buff and feature tollgates and turnpikes along their routes. Turnpike Trusts were,established between the 17th and 19th centuries to raise money from travellers for the upkeep and maintenance of roads.
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This plan covers parts of Warwickshire and Worcestershire, with the Severn Valley depicted in the middle. The River Avon meanders north-eastwards from Tewkesbury (where it meets the River Severn) to Stratford on Avon, where, after 17 locks, it joins the Stratford-on-Avon Canal. Below the Avon, near the bottom of the sheet, the Cotswolds form a dramatic limestone escarpment above the Severn Valley and Evesham Vale. Jurassic limestone, used as a building material throughout the area, gives the Cotswolds its distinctive look.
VIGORNIENSIS Comitatus Sheet 21
This map of Worcestershire is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.
Oxonium Comitatus, Vulgo Oxford Shire. [Karte], in: Theatrum orbis terrarum, sive, Atlas novus, Bd. 4, S. 237.
1 Karte aus Atlas
Blaeu, Willem Janszoon