1 : 31680 This plan covers part of East Anglia, with the town of Wisbech depicted at lower left. The Great Ouse estuary, depicted near top right, served as a way into the Port of Wisbech until it became so silted up that the river was diverted into the sea at Kings Lynn. Drains across fens and marshland are highlighted in blue. These date from the 17th century, when James I appointed Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden to direct the drainage of the fens wetlands. Many local people opposed the scheme as the plan involved commonland on which they grazed cattle. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the Fens changed radically in appearance, from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land. Yeakell, Thomas Jr.
NORFOLCIAE comitatus Sheet 17
This map of Norfolk is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. Saxton, Christopher Ryther, Augustine