1 : 31680 This drawing covers parts of Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire, showing the River Witham at the top of the sheet flowing south-eastwards into Boston and the Wash. Drains across fens and marshland are highlighted in blue towards the lower part of the plan. These date from the 17th century, when James I appointed Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden to direct the drainage of the wetlands. Many local people opposed the scheme since it included commonland on which they grazed cattle. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens changed radically in appearance, from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed land. Yeakell, Thomas Jr.
LINCOLNIAE NOTINGHAMMIAE Comitatuu
This map of Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. A decorative scale bar holds Saxton’s name and also that of the engraver of this map, engraver Remigius Hogenberg, one of seven English and Flemish engravers employed to produce the copper plates for the atlas. Relief, in the form of uniform rounded representations of hills, is the main topographical feature presented in the maps. Rather than provide a scientific representation of relative relief these give a general impression of the lie of the land. Settlements and notable buildings are also recorded pictorially; a small building with a spire represents a village, while more important towns, such as Hereford are indicated by groups of buildings. Saxton, Christopher Ryther, Augustine