SURVEYS AND PERAMBULATION, WITH PLANS, BY JOHN NORDEN, of the manors of Mincingbury, Abbotsbury and Hoares, in Barley, co. Hertf. made for Sir John Spencer, Lord of the Manors; 1603. f. 27
This plan is from a book containing a survey of the manors of Mincingbury, Abbotsbury and Hoares, in Barley, Hertfordshire. The survey consists of a written survey and ten plans by John Norden, of which this is one. On folio 46 of the survey it is stated that the survey took place in September and October 1603. The plans are the result of a survey conducted on foot. The observance of field boundaries is the primary interest, the names of land owners are recorded in each case. The survey was conducted for Sir John Spencer, Lord of the Manors at this date. John Norden is best known for his work 'Speculum Britainiae', literally a 'Mirror of Britain', which in its attempt to include the road names and town plans, lacking on many county maps of the period, was a direct ancestor of the modern A-Z. As well as producing several county maps in the 1590’s, Norden worked as a land surveyor producing surveys for landowners such as Spencer. This survey exemplifies the principles laid down by Norden in the third book of his Surveyor's Dialogue. This plan, one of ten in the survey, is linked to its neighbours by marginal letters and figures. There is no indication of scale, which, however, appears to be about 18-19 in. to the mile. The maps are oriented with north-east at the top.
A New and Correct Mapp of Middlesex, Essex and Hertfordshire
Bland, Joseph, Parker, Samuel, Smyth, Payler and Warburton, John
HARTFORDIAE COMITATUS f.34
This is a map of Herefordshire by Christopher Saxton which dates from 1577. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. This map is actually a proof copy of one which forms part of Christopher Saxton’s Atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I, map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing use of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. Lord Burghley has added several place names to the map. This map was engraved by Nicholaus Reynoldus one of a team of seven English and Flemish engravers employed to produced the copper plates for the atlas.