This drawing covers Canvey Island. Red triangulation lines are marked, radiating from the centre of settlements and from trigonometrical stations, denoted by the word 'Flag', as at Canvey Point. The draughtsman has shown the channels and sandbanks of the Bemfleet Creek, noting that one bank is only dry at spring tides. A dominant feature of the coastline is the sea wall, represented by a thick grey angular line extending all the way up the creek. Built to protect vulnerable marshland from the sea, the wall benefited from Dutch reclamation work in the 17th century but did not withstand serious floods in 1791, after which further repair work was essential. An Act of Parliament in 1792 established a board of commissioners to build new sections of wall behind the existing one in the places where breaches had occurred. This can be seen on Fobbing Marsh and around Shell Haven Creek in this 1798 drawing. Area calculations appear in the bottom left.
This drawing covers the settlements and surrounding country of part of Essex. Brentwood is the largest of these settlements. The layout of the town is indicated by red blocks. The straight line of the road leading to the town reveals its Roman origin, although the draughtsman, unusually, does not label it as such. The main communication routes are coloured yellow, conforming to military cartographic standards. The meanderings of the River Crouch are painstakingly plotted, with the surrounding open land represented by dots. Budgen, Charles
A NEW and CORRECT MAP of the COUNTRIES TWENTY MILES Round LONDON.
In the second half of the18th century, the introduction of turnpike roads and the increased coach-traffic in and out of London contributed to the popularity of the maps of the countryside around the capital. This map was published in Henry Chamberlain's 1770 'A New and Compleat History and Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster.' The map's title features along the top, with a scale bar and explanatory note below the plan, and border divided in degrees of latitude and longitude. Churches, hills and other architectural or geographical landmarks are indicated by symbols. Market towns are marked by stars. Bowen, Thomas