This drawing covers the settlements and surrounding country of part of Essex. Brentwood is the largest of these settlements. The layout of the town is indicated by red blocks. The straight line of the road leading to the town reveals its Roman origin, although the draughtsman, unusually, does not label it as such. The main communication routes are coloured yellow, conforming to military cartographic standards. The meanderings of the River Crouch are painstakingly plotted, with the surrounding open land represented by dots.
Chart of the mouth of the River Thames, c1540
This map, showing parts of Kent and Sussex, comes from a 16th-century portfolio of coastal charts and drawings It incorporates miniature copies of town plans that are now lost including what are probably the earliest plans of Canterbury, Rochester and Sandwich The mapmaker was Sir Richard Cavendish With its emphasis on sandbanks and beaches, the map was evidently intended for navigation and defence purposes The decorative quality of the map suggests it was meant for the eyes of the king, Henry VIII North is to the left of the map and East to the top, making the map appear on its side to modern eyes
Cavendish, Sir Richard