1 : 31680 .Much consideration is given in this map to the detailed representation of trees., Woodland could provide either hindrance or cover for a regiment on the move., Trees are drawn with small vertical stems and a shadow at the base., Planted avenues are depicted in this fashion at Ware Park, above Hartford, and Eastwich Hall, at the bottom of the map., A pattern of open dotting depicts the untilled agricultural land dominating the valleys of the Rivers Rib and Ash.
Pencil lines radiating from trigonometrical stations cover this drawing. They show the angles used for measuring distances and plotting topographical features. To the left of the map on Chestnut Common, the word 'flag' denotes the site of such a station. Hoddesden Park Wood and surrounding woodland are shown by individual trees with a line at the base, indicating shadow. This laborious technique was often replaced by a more generalised, stippled representation of treetops. The Lee River, running from Standstead at the top of this drawing, branches to form a canal leading down to the Powder Mills, which manufactured Gun Powder for shipping to London. Locks on the canal are shown in red
A New and Correct Mapp of Middlesex, Essex and Hertfordshire
Bland, Joseph, Parker, Samuel, Smyth, Payler and Warburton, John