Sutton Valence, Kent
This drawing is incomplete and has many corrections. ,It,reveals the process by which,draughtsmen worked, recording topographical features first,and adding relief afterwards. The crossed-out,and corrected names show a revision process comprising,several stages.
1 : 21120 This field sketch of the Kentish flatlands was made on about 19 pieces of irregularly cut paper, which were then joined and mounted on a thick sheet., Considerable mismatch of detail is noticeable along the joins. Buildings are infilled and blocked in red at settlements,such as,Ulcomb and Sutton Valance. Relief is depicted by rough pencil interlining.
A Coloured Chart of the Course of the Rivers Thames and Medway, and of the Coasts of Kent and Sussex to Shoreham, with an Account of the Tides
This manuscript map of the south-east coast of England can be dated to around 1596. Although unsigned the handwriting suggests a possible attribution to [William] Borough who is known for his work as a harbour consultant .The map is concerned with the defence of the Thames and of London itself which was threatened by the Anglo-Spanish war. Raids on transatlantic shipping by English seamen such as Francis Drake and England’s support of the Protestant rebellion in the Spanish ruled Netherlands had induced the Catholic Philip II to plan an invasion of England. Although the Spanish armada was defeated by the English in 1588, England remained at war with Spain for many years and further attempts to invade were made by Philip of Spain. It is thought that this map was drawn between the dispersal of the "second Armada" in October 1596 and the assembly of the third Armada’ in the following spring. The draughtsman has borrowed topographical and hydrographic information from contemporary sources, maps by Symonson and Robert Norman. The careful attention given to the coast line around Rye and the differentiation between the original line of the cliffs and the deposits which created Romney Marsh is striking. [Borough, William]