PLAN Of The City & Castle Of Chester
This plan was surveyed and drawn by Alexander de Lavaux, engineer and surveyor. As well as naming the owners of many houses, the plan includes informative details such as the "North Gate May Pole" and the "Water Engine", which was mentioned in Daniel Defoe’s diary record of his second visit to the city: "When I was formerly at this city, about the year 1690, they had no water to supply their ordinary occasions, but what was carried from the River Dee upon horses, in great leather vessels, like a pair of bakers panyers... But at my coming there this time, I found a very good water-house in the river, and the city plentifully supply'd by pipes, just as London is from the Thames; tho' some parts of Chester stands very high from the river". de Lavaux, Alexander
1 : 31680 A note in the bottom left corner of this drawing records the date it was received at the Drawing Office in the Tower of London, where final reduced copies of the plans were made. It is one of the few drawings to make reference to the Tower. A triangulation drawing appears on the reverse, along with an area calculation, referred to in its formal title. Major communication routes are highlighted in yellow, following standard military cartographic convention. Hughes, Herbert J.
1 : 31680 This plan follows the meandering River Dee from Chester, at the top of the map, to Overton and Ruabon, at the bottom left. A section of the Shropshire Union Canal, running from Chester to Waverton, is shown in blue. At the bottom left of the map, an area calculation table survives in black ink. The pencil gridlines running through Chester were most likely guides for making enlarged or reduced copies of the map. Field, John