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This plan follows the meandering River Dee from Chester, at the top of the map, to Overton and Ruabon, at the bottom left. A section of the Shropshire Union Canal, running from Chester to Waverton, is shown in blue. At the bottom left of the map, an area calculation table survives in black ink. The pencil gridlines running through Chester were most likely guides for making enlarged or reduced copies of the map.
Map of Shropshire f.93
This is a manuscript map of Shropshire, one of four in the same style and hand. Its most interesting feature is the castle shown at Clun, which dominates the town. Other topographical features are limited to hills and trees, giving a general impression of the relief of the land and its coverage. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I's Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. Here Lord Burghley has added a place name adjacent the river, near to Lent Warden. Burghley was primarily interested in communication routes, an essential feature in any defence program for an area. Rivers were the most important of these communication routes as travel by water was often the fastest. Therefore a good knowledge of the locations along a particular river was essential for navigation and ultimately for the defence of the area.
William Cecil, Lord Burghley
DENBIGH AC FLINT Sheet 37
This map of Denbigh and Flint is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.