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This plan covers parts of Warwickshire and Worcestershire. Hill contours are described by brushwork interlining ('hachuring') combined with shaded bands of colour wash, which graduate to almost colourless at the summits. The order of ascending heights is expressed by rising numbers, a technique that became known as 'relative command'. Colour washes and symbols distinguish woods, meadows, common and arable land.
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This,plan of,part of South Warwickshire shows the broad valley of the River Avon,to the,left of the sheet with the county town,shown at middle left along the riverbank. Major roads are highlighted in buff and feature tollgates and turnpikes along their routes. Turnpike Trusts were,established between the 17th and 19th centuries to raise money from travellers for the upkeep and maintenance of roads.
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This drawing is attributed to Robert Dawson. Different shades of green are employed to distinguish different land uses, and darker tones to describe the bold undulation of the landscape. Birmingham is depicted top left, at the centre of a network of toll roads and canals. Prominently featured on the plan is the Grand Junction Canal. This waterway was at the heart of the Industrial Revolution in this region at the beginning of the 19th century, carrying raw materials to mills and industrial centres, and finished goods to markets throughout Britain.
VIGORNIENSIS Comitatus Sheet 21
This map of Worcestershire is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.