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This drawing covers part of the Nene Valley as the river meanders through farmland and the industries of Northamptonshire. Mills are depicted throughout the area, especially along the river's course. The staples of Northamptonshire's industry at the beginning of the 19th century were wool, lace, silk and shoemaking. With no indigenous coal supply, local industrialists relied principally upon natural resources for industrial processing, particularly wind and water.
Map of Northhamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntigdonshire and Rutland
This is a manuscript map of Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and Rutland, a page from an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters.It is in a hand pre dating 1570 and may be the work of John Rudd. Rudd was the man to whom Christopher Saxton was an apprentice to in 1570. John Rudd was Vicar of Dewsbury from 1554 to 1570. Rudd had a keen interest in cartography and had been engaged in the 1550’s in making a platt’ of England. In 1561 Rudd was granted leave to travel further to map the country and it is likely that Saxton accompanied him, acquiring his skills for surveying.
WARWIC LECESTRIAE Comitat
This map of Warwickshire and Leicestershireis from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. Saxton’s name appears in the decorative scale bar, as does the name of the engraver of this map, Leonardus Terwoordus, one of a team of seven Flemish and continentally trained English engravers employed to work on the atlas. Relief, in the form of uniform rounded representations of hills, is the main topographical feature presented in the maps. Rather than provide a scientific representation of relative relief these give a general impression of the lie of the land. Settlements and notable buildings are also recorded pictorially; a small building with a spire represents a village, while more important towns, such as Leicester are indicated by groups of building. Rivers, streams, parks and woodlands are also depicted carefully. Woods are shown by small tree-symbols, with clusters representing forests, and parklands enclosed with ring fences.