North Molton, Devon
Much of this drawing,is dominated by,the open land of the downs.,Relief is indicated by shading and brushwork interlining ('hachures') but there is no numerical,record of trigonometrical altitudes. Paths on the moor are distinguished from roads by their pecked lines; roads,through villages are indicated by parallel lines. Hewitt, John
Topography and areas of natural shelter were both of great importance in planning,any military campaign., To this end, inclines and woodland are clearly indicated on this drawing., The main communication routes are highlighted in yellow., Some roads have been pin-marked along their lengths, proof that the draughtsman used measuring dividers to plot the exact course of the roads., The dates of draughting and the scale of the drawing have been recorded in pencil on the bottom right of the sheet. Hewitt, John
The indication of land relief and attention to communication routes on this plan conform to the military and cartographic standards employed by the West Country survey. The south of England was the area most vulnerable to invasion, especially during the Napoleonic conflicts between 1793 and 1815. Accurate mapping of the Devonshire coastline was, therefore, of great military significance. Towards the left of the plan, the sand dunes of Braunton Burrows stretch southwards from the sea at Barnstaple Bay towards Appledore and Bideford.
South Molton, Devon
This relief on this drawing,is indicated by dense interlining ('hachures'), with,the summits of hills left blank. The drawing has been made on three pieces of paper mounted as one sheet., Dirty, worn and creased, the manuscript is difficult to decipher. ,A pencil note at the base of the drawing reads "To survey from * to * as ...by...the Farms as named."
This map of Devon is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. The decorative scale bar houses the name of Saxton and of the Flemish engraver Remigius Hogenberg who prepared the copper plate for this map. This is the only map in the atlas that features a compass rose as well as the cardinal points in the borders, seeming to indicate the Devon has been turned slightly clockwise to fit the plate. Two ships engaging in battle are depicted off the coast of Plymouth, perhaps making reference to the vulnerability of this section of south coast and the location of naval bases. Saxton, Christopher Ryther, Augustine
This map of Devon is by Christopher Saxton and dates from 1575. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Secretary of State to Elizabeth I. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. This map is actually a proof copy of one which forms part of Christopher Saxton’s Atlas of England and Wales. This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. This map was produced under the patronage of Thomas Seckford, a Master of Requests to Elizabeth I, who had commissioned Saxton’s atlas of county maps, a project overseen by Lord Burghley, Secretary of State, whose administration increasingly involved the use of maps. This map is interesting as there are several notes in the margins. In the lower right hand margin: 'A Note of hir maties Store of Ordonnaunce, powder and match, lead,&c.,remayningin ye L. Lieutenauntes, &c. hands'. In the upper right hand margin 'A Note what powder and match was appointed to be kept in store in every corporate towne'. In the left hand margin 'A Breef Note of ye places of Descent. . . yt are most daungerous and require greatest regard and assistaunce'. These annotations were most probably made by an assistant of Lord Burghley’s, and show the concern felt about coastal areas in the face of the threat from Spain which culminated in 1588 with the events of the Spanish Armada. Saxton, Christopher Hogenbergius, Remigius