Insurance Plan of London East South East District Vol. H: Key Plan
1 : 10560
This "key plan" indicates coverage of the Goad 1897 series of fire insurance maps of London that were originally produced to aid insurance companies in assessing fire risks. The building footprints, their use (commercial, residential, educational, etc.), the number of floors and the height of the building, as well as construction materials (and thus risk of burning) and special fire hazards (chemicals, kilns, ovens) were documented in order to estimate premiums. Names of individual businesses, property lines, and addresses were also often recorded. Together these maps provide a rich historical shapshot of the commercial activity and urban landscape of towns and cities at the time.
The British Library holds a comprehensive collection of fire insurance plans produced by the London-based firm Charles E. Goad Ltd. dating back to 1885. These plans were made for most important towns and cities of the British Isles at the scales of 1:480 (1 inch to 40 feet), as well as many foreign towns at 1:600 (1 inch to 50 feet).
Chas E Goad Limited
Chas E Goad Limited
BOWLES'S NEW PLAN OF LONDON, WESTMINSTER AND SOUTHWARK, WITH THEIR ENVIRONS TO THE EXTENT OF THREE MILES ROUND ST. PAUL'S
The Bowles family were prolific publishers and their output spans more than a century. This map is relatively unusual as it is presented in a circle. The map is divided by lines into square miles. In the margins of the sheet are reference tables and adverts for coming publications. Baker Street, laid out from 1755 on, is shown by a pecked line, as is Gloucester Street.
PLAN of LONDON
Only the main roads appear on this map, giving the appearance of a rather spacious capital city. The new London Bridge is shown without its approaches. Pecked lines show the intended location of the Thames Tunnel. Marc Brunel, father of the great engineer Isobard, solved the problem of how to bore through soft ground or under water, inventing the tunnelling shield. Both father and son worked on the tunnel which was completed as a foot tunnel in 1843, before becoming a railway tunnel for the East London Railway in the 1860s. The East and West India Docks are also shown.
PIGOT & Co New Plan of London Taken from the Best Authorities
The title and publisher's imprint of this map appear at the top right, facing an explanatory note at top left. Squares, open spaces and the built-up area in the city are delineated in colour. A key to colours is provided at the bottom left. Published in Pigot's 'Metropolis Guide and Book of Reference', the map is divided into circles numbered for reference, showing Waterloo, Vauxhall and Battersea Bridges.
LAURIE and WHITTLE NEW MAP OF LONDON WITH ITS ENVIRONS &C. Including the Recent Improvements
The title of this map of London and suburbs appears at top left, with the key to symbols and abbreviations at the top right and a compass rose at the bottom centre. The map is divided into mile squares with borders marked off in furlongs for reference. Squares, open spaces and city boundaries are distinguished in colour. This is a later edition of a map first issued in 1804, updated to include the new bridges and the approaches at Waterloo and Vauxhall (indicated by dotted lines). Built between 1809 and 1819, Vauxhall, Waterloo and Southwark bridges were projected, funded and constructed by private commercial companies hoping to profit from toll-paying traffic from Lambeth, Camberwell and the rest of south London.
Laurie, Robert and Whittle, James