Provincia Ultoniae The Province of Ulster [Karte], in: Gerardi Mercatoris et I. Hondii Newer Atlas, oder, Grosses Weltbuch, Bd. 1, S. 63.
1 Karte aus Atlas
Mercator, Gerhard und Hondius, Jodocus
This is a map of the six ‘escheated’ counties of Ulster. It dates from 1609 and may be by John Norden, though likely to be based on the barony maps of Josias Bodley and William Parsons. It seems to be intended as a guide to planned plantings. In 1607 the earls of Ulster fled and the counties of Armagh, Cavan, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh and Tyrone were confiscated by the English and the Scots. In 1608-9 the Commons had drafted plans for English and Scottish planting and lands that were to be retained by the Irish.
A map of the county of Armagh, with the harbours of Dundalk and Carlingford
This is a map of North East Ireland dating from 1600. An inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of Fort Mount Norris. It is a remarkably detailed pen and ink rendering of the area between Lough Neagh and Dundalk. Details include vignette view of fortifications, fortified towns and churches, mountains in elevation, the names of local chieftains and plans of forts. It illustrates the campaign of 1600 which lead to the success of the Lord Deputy in forcing his way into the territory of the Irish leader O’Neill, although he was not able to penetrate further than Mount Norris between Newy and Armagh. By 1603 O’Neill and his allies among the Ulster Lords had been defeated and the entry of the English to the hitherto almost unknown area of central Ulster was then possible. This event explains why English topographical knowledge of this area suddenly increased in the first years of the 17th century. The cartographer of this map is thought to be Richard Barthelett who was the first cartographer to profit from this opportunity to complete the survey of Ireland. Barthelett was killed by Irish natives while surveying in Donegall in 1603 ‘because they would not have their land discovered’. It is interesting to note that Barthelett’s work was so accurate that it satisfies 18th century specification for military mapping. The formula of cartographic representation which he adopted matches that used by military engineers two centuries later. scale bar of 8 miles = 4" (1:120,000) inset 1":40 foot.
A Coloured Representation of the Battle of Ballishannon, Fought on the 17th of October 1593
This is a pictorial battle plan showing the defeat of Maguire at Beleek in county Fermanagh on Oct 10th 1594. It shows the protagonists of the battle and names them in script and records the point in the battle when the River Ern was crossed. The rebels’ are depicted as a disorganized hoard and the draughtsman has included such details as discarded bagpipes among their ranks. The Earl of Tyrone, who was very unwillingly present at the battle is shown ridding beside Sir Henry Bagenal. The drawing is thought to be the work of John Thomas and is likely to have been based on direct observation of the battle rather than the traveller’s tales which many other platts of Ireland are based upon. The arms of Elizabeth I are shown in the top left corner and those of Lord Burghley, to whom the map is dedicated, are above the cartouche. The elaborate fish in the river are perhaps an attempt to show the fertile nature of the area. Beleeck is noted for its rich stocks of eel and salmon and this is perhaps reflected by the fish in the bottom left corner which holds an eel in its mouth.
Insurance Plan of Belfast Vol. 2: Key Plan
This "key plan" indicates coverage of the Goad 1898 series of fire insurance maps of Belfast that were originally produced to aid insurance companies in assessing fire risks. The building footprints, their use (commercial, residential, educational, etc.), the number of floors and the height of the building, as well as construction materials (and thus risk of burning) and special fire hazards (chemicals, kilns, ovens) were documented in order to estimate premiums. Names of individual businesses, property lines, and addresses were also often recorded. Together these maps provide a rich historical shapshot of the commercial activity and urban landscape of towns and cities at the time.
The British Library holds a comprehensive collection of fire insurance plans produced by the London-based firm Charles E. Goad Ltd. dating back to 1885. These plans were made for most important towns and cities of the British Isles at the scales of 1:480 (1 inch to 40 feet), as well as many foreign towns at 1:600 (1 inch to 50 feet).
Chas E Goad Limited
Chas E Goad Limited