A general map of the southern British colonies, in America comprehending North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, with the neighbouring Indian countries : from the modern surveys of Engineer de Brahm, Capt. Collet, Mouzon & others
1 : 3000000 Romans, Bernard Robert Sayer & John Bennett (Firm)
La Florida. Auctore Hieron Chiaves.
When first issued in 1584 as a copper engraving by Ortelius in his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1584-1612, this was one of the few sixteenth century maps based on Spanish sources; in this case drawn from reports of Hernando de Soto's expedition through the region. There are three maps on this sheet. The most important map (La Florida) is the first printed map of the southeastern portion of the United States. This influential map provided the foundation cartography for the region, particularly in the depiction of the river system. The map below (Guastecan Reg) combines with La Florida to extend the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico further south. The third is a map of Peru, where De Soto was the first Spaniard to meet Inca Emperor Atahuallpa. In the north of the map of Peru is Aurea Regio, or Kingdom of Gold, a reference to the fabled El Dorado. Text on verso. Chaves, Geronimo, 1523-1574.;Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598.
War Chart of the Southern States.
War Chart of the Southern States. Published in 1862 by B.B. Russell in Boston, War Chart of the Southern States details the cities, towns, rivers, railroads and marked roads in the Confederacy (with the exception of Texas). The portrait at the bottom right of the map is of the Battle of Hampton Roads, which took place over two days in March 1862 off the Virginian coastline. The naval battle was famous for the fight between the USS Monitor, seen in the foreground of the image, and the CSS Merrimac (sometimes referred to as the CSS Virginia due to the fact that it was built from composite parts of Confederate ships). As can be seen in the image, these ships were ‘ironclads’, built with iron and steel armoured plates. Originally a British naval design, the Civil War witnessed the first clash of these ships at the Battle of Hampton Roads, resulting in worldwide attention on this aspect of naval warfare in America. Arguably the battle between the Monitor and Merrimac was the most famous naval event of the conflict and there are numerous contemporary cultural references to the engagement in items produced during the war. The battle itself was inconclusive, although the Union suffered more casualties than their Confederate counterparts. B.B. Russell