Two fragments of a map showing locations of temples at Mahabalipuram
Two fragments of a map in watercolour with pen and ink showing locations of temples at Mamallapuram, from an Album of 37 drawings and plans of the temples and sculptures at Mamallapuram, c. 1816. Colin MacKenzie (1754-1821) joined the East India Company as an engineer at the age of 28 and spent the majority of his career in India. He used the salary he earned from his military career as a captain, major and finally a colonel to finance his research into the history and religion of Indian culture. During his surveys he collected and recorded details concerning every aspect of Indian architecture, language and religion, resulting in thousands of drawings and copies of inscriptions. Mamallapuram, a tiny village south of Chennai (Madras), was a flourishing port of the Pallava dynasty from the 5th - 8th centuries. The site is famous for a group of temples, a series of rock-cut caves and monolithic sculptures that were most likely created in the 7th century reign of Narasimhavarman Mahamalla.
Sketch plan of the attack on Seringapatam (Mysore)
Pencil, pen-and-ink and wash with water-colour sketch plan of the attack on Seringapatam by an unknown artist, dated 1791. Srirangapatnam is an island set in the River Kaveri in the modern-day state of Karnataka in the south west of India. The Vijayanagara rulers built a fort here in 1454 and in 1616 it became the capital of the Mysore Wadayar Rajas. Later it was the capital of the renowned Rajas of Mysore, Haidar Ali (c. 1722-1782) and Tipu Sultan (1753-1799). The Rajas were responsible for turning the small state of Mysore into a major Muslim power. Haider Ali faced opposition from the Marathas, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the British. Four successive wars were fought for control of southern India. In 1781 Haidar was defeated and died a year later but the military campaign was continued by his son, Tipu. The final battle took place in May 1799 when the British stormed the fortress and Tipu Sultan was killed.