1 : 31680 This is a rough plot, or field sketch, of the chalk hills to the south of Basingstoke, part of Hampshire's North Downs. Buildings appear infilled and blocked in red ink at the settlements of Bighton and Chawton, at the bottom of the plan, and in black ink, at Bentworth, above Chawton. The map is drawn on an irregularly cut sheet that is pieced together with detail extending over the joins. The paper carries the watermark '1794.'
1 : 31680 .Turnpike roads in faded ochre run from Guildford at the top of the map through Witley, at the centre left, on to 'Aldfold' at the bottom left., The mileage appears along the route in black-ink figures., Tollgates are marked 'TG'., Open dotting is used to depict the untilled agricultural land predominant around the river valleys., The hill shading and attention to communication routes conform to the military and cartographic standards employed by the Ordnance Survey. Budgen, Thomas
There were no definitive guidelines in the early 1800s for recording relief, so each draughtsman differs in his representation. Contour lines were not introduced until 1839-40. Here, Budgen uses dense clusters of short, dark strokes ('hachures') to indicate relief. Although the recording of archaeological sites did not become obligatory until 1816, he also illustrates a Roman road, running diagonally upwards from the lower left of the map, noting its local name: 'Devil's Bank'. Budgen, Charles