This map of Montgomery is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales.This atlas was first published as a whole in 1579. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England and Wales. The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, until after 1750. During the reign of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques. Illustrating the increasing used of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the 1550s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of the country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map. Saxton, Christopher Ryther, Augustine
Map of Shropshire f.93
This is a manuscript map of Shropshire, one of four in the same style and hand. Its most interesting feature is the castle shown at Clun, which dominates the town. Other topographical features are limited to hills and trees, giving a general impression of the relief of the land and its coverage. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I's Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. Here Lord Burghley has added a place name adjacent the river, near to Lent Warden. Burghley was primarily interested in communication routes, an essential feature in any defence program for an area. Rivers were the most important of these communication routes as travel by water was often the fastest. Therefore a good knowledge of the locations along a particular river was essential for navigation and ultimately for the defence of the area. William Cecil, Lord Burghley
1 : 31680 The River Severn Valley,features,runs,from left to right on this plan of part of mid- Wales. With its source high on the Cumbrian Mountains, the river flows through,a narrow rocky channel in its upper course, becoming wider and deeper in its middle course and its valley flatter. Budgen, Thomas
1 : 31680 This drawing shows part of the Cambrian Mountains in north west Wales. An area calculation table survives in black ink in the bottom right margin beneath the formal title. Colour washes depicting relief are combined with numerical annotations of the heights of the hills. The author of the drawing, Robert Dawson, explains that these altitudes were trigonometrically ascertained, "except those distinguished by a note of interrogation, which are only a judgement." One of the best surveyors and draughtsmen, Dawson was employed on the Ordnance Survey for over forty years, also working as an instructor. Dawson, Robert
Part of Shropshire containing 126 square miles. Surveyed and Drawn by H. Stevens R. M. D. 1816''
1 : 31680 .This is the first map to conform fully to the 1816 Ordnance Survey Circular, which stated that every plan was to,have an area title, survey and drawing date,,and a note of,its author's,name and rank.,The,map shows,a section of Offa's Dyke, the great earth bank running 176 miles along or near the English border from the North Wales coast south to Chepstow., Offa's Dyke is eight miles longer than Hadrian's Wall but, because it was not a stone construction, was never garrisoned., Its purpose was to mark rathen than defend the frontier. Stevens, Henry
1 : 31680 This drawing is formally titled. The scale of the drawing isgiven and the area of the land noted as 145.9838 square miles., A triangulation diagram appears on the reverse of the manuscript., This enabled draughtsmen to plot the exact location of topographical features., Archaeological sites are named in gothic script., Colour washes are combined with numerical annotations to indicate the relative relief and overall height of hills. Dawson, Robert