War Chart of the Southern States.
War Chart of the Southern States. Published in 1862 by B.B. Russell in Boston, War Chart of the Southern States details the cities, towns, rivers, railroads and marked roads in the Confederacy (with the exception of Texas). The portrait at the bottom right of the map is of the Battle of Hampton Roads, which took place over two days in March 1862 off the Virginian coastline. The naval battle was famous for the fight between the USS Monitor, seen in the foreground of the image, and the CSS Merrimac (sometimes referred to as the CSS Virginia due to the fact that it was built from composite parts of Confederate ships). As can be seen in the image, these ships were ‘ironclads’, built with iron and steel armoured plates. Originally a British naval design, the Civil War witnessed the first clash of these ships at the Battle of Hampton Roads, resulting in worldwide attention on this aspect of naval warfare in America. Arguably the battle between the Monitor and Merrimac was the most famous naval event of the conflict and there are numerous contemporary cultural references to the engagement in items produced during the war. The battle itself was inconclusive, although the Union suffered more casualties than their Confederate counterparts.
The Model War Map
The Model War Map, giving the Southern and Middle States, with all their Water and Railroad Connections. This map, published by Prang in 1862, shows the eastern coast condensed so that the focus is on the middle states of America from Iowa to Florida. The map shows railway routes, though it is noticeable how many stop before reaching the left hand side of the map, highlighting how railway building across the country was ongoing at the time of the Civil War. The tables on the right hand side of the map detail routes and distances from major cities and towns, 1860 population statistics, the slave population of slave-holding states and the number of men eligible to vote in each state.
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours, and Military Positions
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours, and Military Positions. This map, published by Wyld in 1865, shows much of the Confederacy and the Border States as they were at the end of the Civil War. The divide between Virginia and West Virginia is marked, along with ‘forts, harbours & military positions’. The dark black lines indicated railway routes and it is notable how many more there are in the small segment of the Northern states displayed at the top of the map in comparison to the Confederate states.
The Field of Battle.
The Field of Battle and Prominent US Generals. The Field of Battle and Prominent Union Generals is one of the most picturesque maps in the collection, detailing the main theatres of conflict in the Confederacy, with each state broken up by counties, and surrounded by virtually all of the main Union Army generals that would have been well known to viewers in 1864 when this map was published in New York by Ensign & Bridgman. The generals are mostly all arranged close to the areas where they were conducting operations at the time of the map’s production, for example Generals Grant and Sherman are close to Georgia and South Carolina. Union Navy generals are also pictured, such as General David Farragut who can be seen close to the Georgia coastline.
Ensign & Bridgman
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours and Military Positions.
Map of the Southern States of North America, with the Forts, Harbours and Military Positions. Published by Wyld in 1862, Map of the Southern States of North America shows all the Confederate states, including the edge of Texas, and several of the Northern Border States too. Each state border is clearly defined. The map also labels ‘forts, harbours & military positions’, as well as marking the line between slave and free states, railways and canals.
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America, September, 1862
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America, September, 1862. Produced by Davies & Co. in London, this map shows ten of the Confederate states, outlined in red, the Border States of Kentucky and Missouri, which remained within the Union, and lower portion of the Union states, outlined in green. The lower righter corner has an enlarged segment of the country detailing the sites of recent battles around lower Maryland, Washington, D.C. and Virginia. This includes Manassas Junction, where both battles of Bull Run had been fought prior to the map’s publication.
Davies & Co.
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America. (Enlarged Plan of the Site of the most recent battles). This map, published by Davies & Co. in London, shows the state of America as things stood in July 1863. The Confederate borders are marked in red, the Union borders in green and the Border States in yellow. The separation between Virginia and West Virginia is also depicted. The smaller map in the right hand corner details where the most recent fighting had been, highlighting how volatile the region around the capitals of Washington, D.C., and Richmond were, with this area being the focus of attention in many of the maps produced. It is also possible to see the southern part of Pennsylvania in this map, marking the high–point of General Lee’s troops, who were pushed back out of Union territory after the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863.
Davies & Co.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States.
Phelps & Watson's Historical and Military Map of the Border and Southern States. This map, produced in New York in 1863 shows all the Confederate states, including a sizable amount of Texas, as well as the Border States of the Union. It is noteworthy that by this point in the war, Virginia has split into to, with the western half seceding from the rest of the state. West Virginia was admitted to the Union in 1863 and the map clearly shows the separation. The map also contains a list of the major battles from 1861 and 1862 in the bottom right hand corner.
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America, October, 1862
Map of the Seat of Civil War in America, October, 1862. In this map the enlarged segment detailing recent battles focuses on the area along the border of the Union and Confederacy between Maryland and Virginia, particularly from the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River. Near the top of the enlarged portion, Sharpsburg is labelled, site of the Battle of Antietam in September 1862. Bull Run/Manassas is also marked, along with Fairfax Court House and Centreville, sights that were captured in photographs published by Alexander Gardner.
Davies & Co.