Detail from OSD 127 (Hampton Court), showing Kingston, Richmond and Twickenham
This drawing of London and the surrounding Thames countryside provides a fascinating blueprint of Regency London. The layouts of the ornamental gardens and tree-lined avenues of Hampton Court and nearby Bushy Park are shown in detail. These contrast with the depiction of Kew Gardens, which is left blank within its boundaries. The Ordnance Survey Letter Book records: "When the Ordnance Survey of the vicinity of Brentford was made, The Surveyor was not permitted to enter Kew Gardens." At that time, King George III was recuperating at Kew from bouts of mental illness: the king's privacy and security took primacy over mapmaking.
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.This map is in poor repair. Its edges are dirty and damaged, and a join is visible where the drawing has been torn. Triangulation points can be seen at the map's boundaries, along with a series of stitch holes. Silk tape was wound through these holes to protect the map in the field. .The drawing details a large number of commons, including Pirbright, Ham Haw and Ockham. These are depicted by patterns of open dotting. Basingstoke Canal also features. It was completed in 1794, only a few years before this map was drawn. Blue washes, used to depict water, have faded. The town of Chertsey appears towards the top right, along with the ruins of Chertsey Abbey. The abbey was founded in AD666, as a house for the Benedictine Order, and dissolved in 1537.
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.This map is in excellent condition and has retained its colour through two centuries. The turquoise wash, used to indicate water, remains particularly bright and vibrant. Commonland is the most prominent topographical feature in the drawing, denoted by open dotting. Large commons are shown at Frensham, Fernham, Thursley, Witley and Hinkley. Commons were carefully detailed by the surveyors, with a view to their possible use as military encampments. Although illustrating archaeological features did not become obligatory until 1816, this map notes a Bronze Age structure called the Devil's Jump, near Elstead at the centre of the map.